You are going to watch Kevin Allocca, the trends manager at YouTube, talk about how and why online videos go viral.
Watch the talk and mark T (True) or F (False) for each of the statements below:
1. Over 48 hours of video are uploaded to YouTube every minute.
2. Bear Vasquez's video was shot in Yosemite National Park.
3. Bear Vasquez's video was viewed 33 million times.
4. Bear Vasquez was trying to become a star.
5. Rebecca Black's video "Friday" was seen nearly 200 million times.
6. Rebecca Black's video did not become popular because of bloggers.
7. There are 5000 parodies of Rebecca Black's video.
8. The video "Nyan Cat" has been viewed nearly 40 million times.
9. Casey Niestat's video was seen five million times.
10. The singer Justin Bieber first became famous on YouTube.
Discuss any of the following questions:
1. How much time do you spend watching videos on Youtube? Which types of videos do you watch? Which videos do you avoid? Why?
2. What do you think of the popularity of the videos presented in the talk?
3. Can you think of any other videos which have gone viral in your country? How do you think they became popular?
4. How easy do you think it is to become a Youtube star?
© 2019 My-webtutor.com
A phrasal verb is an idiomatic phrase consisting of a verb and another element, typically either an adverb, as in break down, or a preposition, for example see to, or a combination of both, such as come on in.
Describe a house or apartment that you would like to live in.
You should say:
Well, I suppose I’d much rather live in a house than in an apartment so, in many ways, my ultimate home would be the dwelling where my mother currently resides.
How big it would be and what it would look like:
It´s a medium-sized house with a great outdoor swimming pool and a fabulous garden.
On the ground floor, it has one luxurious bedroom, an amazing living room, a spacious kitchen and two fully-equipped bathrooms. The master bedroom has a glass roof offering a fantastic view of the stars at night. One of the secondary bedrooms has an ensuite bathroom with a large jacuzzi. Both the kitchen and the living room are walled off with glass on three sides allowing a spectacular view of the beach. The living room has a massive 50-inch TV and a colourful aquarium with several species of exotic fish. When I have the availability, I take part in the multitude of water-related activities promoted by the local shire because my mother's property is located on the beachfront. It is just the best feeling in the world to race down the beach and dive into the amazingly crystal clear water for a quick refreshing dip.
Where it would be located:
Its location is perfect too: it’s in the countryside but not right out in the sticks. So when I’m there I enjoy getting up in the morning and gazing out of the window to watch the horses in the field and feel that I’ve escaped the hustle and bustle of the city.
I wouldn’t want my dream home to be somewhere too remote because it is essential for me to be around people and I find it to be significantly more convenient to work in a city. Thus, to be living somewhere which is in the vicinity of a city that I could easily commute to is absolutely paramount.
Why I’d like to live there
Aside from the sentimentality associated with returning to my childhood home, my mother's real estate provides an endless number of top-notch commodities that the average citizen would be more than eager to obtain. Furthermore, being located directly opposite the ocean, it is just the icing on the cake. Overall, these are the reasons why I would choose to relocate to my mother’s property if I could.
© Paul J. Wood. All rights reserved.
A phrasal verb is a verb that is made up of a main verb together with an adverb or a preposition, or both. Typically, their meaning is not obvious from the definition of the individual words themselves.
Phrasal verbs can be intransitive (i.e. they have no object). Examples:
a) I always get up at 6am.
b) Susan threw up after consuming 20 beers.
c) My son wants to be an architect when he grows up.
d) We all dressed up for the New Year's Eve party.
or transitive (i.e. they can have an object). Examples:
a) They had been going out for 3 years before he asked her to marry him.
b) They have just turned on the lights.
c) He gave up smoking last year.
d) We've put off the meeting for a week.
The verb and adverb elements which make up intransitive phrasal verbs are never separated:
✓ We broke up two years ago.
✗ We broke two years ago up.
The situation is different with transitive verbs, however. If the direct object is a noun, you can say:
✓ They picked their child up.
✓ They picked up their child.
If the object is a pronoun (such as it, him, her, we, them) , then the object always comes between the verb and the adverb:
✓ They picked her up.
✗ They picked up her.
Watch the video. Match the phrasal verbs below with each clip.
pick up / put down;
switch on / switch off;
© Paul J. Wood. All rights reserved.
In short, a connector is a word that is used to join words or sentences. Moreover, the functions of connectors in English grammar are to combine sentences and to express relationship between ideas. As a result, connectors in English grammar help in improving writing style by adding clarity.
Here is a brief explanation with exemplifications of the most utilised connectors in the English language:
1. To express contrast:
a) but / yet: followed by a noun phrase or a simple sentence.
E..g. The magazine is short but / yet interesting.
b) in spite of / despite: placed at the beginning or in the middle of a sentence.
E.g. ‘He arrived on time to his workplace despite / in spite of getting up late.
c) while / although / even though / in spite of the fact that: followed by a complete sentence. They can also be placed at the beginning or in the middle of the sentence. When it is placed at the beginning one needs to use a comma after the clause.
E.g. ‘While / Although / even though / in spite of the fact that these students didn't put a lot of effort into their study, they still managed to pass their exam.
d) however, nevertheless, even so, on the one hand, on the other hand: placed at the beginning or in the middle of a sentence depending on the connector one wishes to utilise.
E.g. ‘He was quite ill however/ nevertheless, he still went to school.
The hypothesis is valid, even so, we will need to back it up with more research.
On the one hand, I prefer to cook at home. On the other hand, it is more convenient to pick something up on my way home.
e) by contrast: is usually followed or preceded by the subject of the sentence.
E.g. Generally-speaking, cats are completely indifferent to humans. By contrast, dogs are always incredibly loyal to human species.
f) whereas: placed in the middle of a sentence.
E.g. ‘This book is extremely interesting whereas the other one I find it to be quite tedious.
2. To express reason and cause:
a) because, as, since, given that: Because is more common than as, since and given that, both in writing and speaking. When we use because, we are focusing on the reason:
E.g. We should probably be heading home soon because / as / since / given that it is quite late.
We often place the because-clause at the beginning of a sentence, especially when we want to give extra focus to the reason. We use a comma following the because-clause:
E.g. Because drinking water is something we do automatically, we rarely think about it.
b) because of, on account of, due to: placed at the beginning or in the middle of a sentence.
E.g. Due to / because of / on account of the severe weather conditions, we are unable to go outdoors.
c) in order to, so as to, to: these structures express purpose and answer the question why something is done. They can appear at the beginning or in the middle of a sentence.
E.g. She is studying really hard in order to / so as to / to obtain the highest possible mark on my exam.
3. To Add information
a) for example, for instance, such as: good writers explain their ideas well. One way they explain their ideas is to include examples which make the writer's thoughts much more concrete, practical, and comprehensible to the reader.
E.g. Vegetables are a good source of vitamins. For example / For instance, oranges are loaded with vitamin C.
b) moreover, furthermore, besides, in addition to: placed at the beginning or in the middle of a sentence. They aimed to provide further argumentative points to a thesis.
E.g. In addition to / besides this new policy, we will introducing a comprehensive employee handbook.
Furthermore / Moreover, we will introducing a comprehensive handbook in order to safeguard the integrity of our organisation.
c) aside from: placed at the beginning or in the middle of a sentence. Equally utilised to give further insight into other points of a thesis.
E.g. Aside from her native tongue, she speaks French and German.
4. To express succession
. - First of all / Firstly / To begin with / First ….
- Second / Secondly / Then …
- Third / Thirdly / After that...
- The next stage …
- Finally / in short / to sum up / in conclusion / lastly / last but not least…
5. To express a result
a) as a result of: In consequence of 'x', the result was 'y'. It is normally placed at the beginning of a sentence but it can also appear in the middle of any given narrative.
E.g. As a result of his brave action, he was awarded a military medal.
b) therefore: placed at the beginning or in the middle of a sentence. Its use is, in essence, similar to the previous connector.
E.g. He is continuously underperforming, therefore, I will be forced to dismiss him.
© Paul J. Wood. All rights reserved.
In IELTS writing task 1 you are requested to describe trends. Comparable parameters appear in a line/pie graphs or bar charts.
There are two main grammatical structures we can use to describe trends.
1. There + be + adj. + noun + in + noun phrase
There was a gradual rise in the price of gold.
There has been a sharp drop in the price of properties.
2. Noun phrase + verb + adverb
The price of gold rose gradually.
The price of properties has risen dramatically.
- go down / go up
© Paul J. Wood. All rights reserved.
In general terms, the hardest part about the writing section of IELTS is generating ideas and examples that are specific to the task question whilst ensuring that you write enough text within the time limit. The academic writing module takes approximately 60 minutes. You have roughly 20 minutes to write 150 words for the Task 1 question and 40 minutes to write 250 words for the Task 2 question. Please note that not writing the minimum amount of words will penalise your overall score severely.
Using 'an' and 'a' does not depend on the spelling of the word it precedes, it depends on the pronunciation of the word. In most cases though, 'an' is used before words that begin with vowels (a, e, i, o u.), such as an apple, an elephant or an igloo. By contrast, use 'a' if a word starts with a consonant sound (e.g. a ball, a car).
SENTENCE-BY-SENTENCE STRATEGY (Sample answer):
Cambridge Examiner / Language teacher, from Brisbane, with 12 years' experience in the industry.