SENTENCE-BY-SENTENCE STRATEGY (Sample answer): 1st question: When did it happen? Well, I would like to talk about the Chinese Qin Dynasty, which I am particularly interested in. This dynasty was in place in Ancient China from 221-207 BCE and it was ruled by the self-proclaimed emperor, Qin Shihuangdi and by Emperor Er Shi. Total: 2 sentences
2nd question: What happened? Firstly, the king of the state of Qin, Zhuang Xiang, died in 246 BCE, leaving his son, Zheng as king. Zheng quickly began fighting with the states bordering the state of Qin and, as each one of them fell, his army grew and so did his empire. As a result of the exponential growth of his territorial domination, he declared himself Emperor Qin Shihuangdi in 221 BCE and became the first emperor of the new Chinese empire. The capital of the Qin dynasty was Xianyang, in the Shaanxi province, Northern China. Total: 4 sentences
3rd question: Why are you interested in it? This period is incredibly rich because the most prevalent tourist attraction in China was built during this dynasty. I am referring to the Great Wall of China, which is the longest man-made structure in the world and a symbol of the country. During the Qin dynasty, the 2500 miles of the Great Wall of China were made into a solid fortification, holding back nomads and tribes from the North of China. Total: 3 sentences
4th question: Who told you about it? As an exercise in orientating students to the significance of the Great Wall of China, Chinese teachers introduce the idea of 'cultural symbols’ into the primary school curriculum. In reality, they were the first ones to tell me about this majestic sight. As a result, I have been fascinated with the Great Wall of China ever since I first saw it in a school history book. Total: 3 sentences
1st question: Who are they? OK, I am going to describe the most emblematic hurdler in Chinese history, Liu Xiang. He is a retired Olympic Gold medalist and World Champion. His 2004 Olympic gold medal was the first in a men's track and field event for China. Total: 3 sentences
2nd question: How do you know them? I’d like to begin by highlighting that Liu is one of China's household names and has emerged as a cultural icon. He is the only male athlete in history to have achieved the triple crown in the event of 110-metre hurdles: World Record Holder, World Champion and Olympic Champion. Total: 2 sentences
3rd question: What have they achieved? Now concerning the matter of his continental achievements, one can only admit that he was in a league of his own. In May 2001, he won at the East Asian Games in Osaka (Japan) with a time of 13.42 seconds and, a few months later, in August 2001, he went on to win at the Universiade in Beijing (China) with a time of 13.33 seconds. He was also the winner of China’s National Games that same year. Total: 2 sentences
4th question: Why are they famous? Finally, if I still have enough time, I’d also like to make it clear that he was hands-down the best Chinese track and field athlete of all time. In fact, he has been inspiring generations of youngsters to pursue greatness in life and, for that, we are all eternally thankful. Total: 2 sentences
First of all, I would like to mention that I live with both my husband and daughter in Beijing and our apartment is filled with a variety of elegant furniture. For the purpose of this task, I will be discussing my favourite piece of furniture, which is our sofa bed. Despite being as old as the hills, it has increased the usefulness of our living room for a considerable number of years now. I have a sentimental attachment to this article of furniture because it was the very first one that my husband and I purchased together. As I’m a bookworm, I find it extremely convenient because it offers me the comfort of staying at home, curling up on the couch and feeling lost in the real page turners. We acquired a small 2-bedroom apartment in a multi-storied complex so I do not have much furniture in there except for my bed, a medium-size reading table, a computer desk, a set of three wonderful sofas, a tiny table adjacent to the sofa bed and a wall-mounted closet. The particularity with this sofa bed is that it is mostly used for when my friends or family members come to visit us and stay overnight. As you are probably aware, a massive advantage of a sofa bed is that it can be made to serve as a bed by lowering its hinged upholstered back to a horizontal position or by pulling out a concealed mattress. Unfortunately, we will soon be forced to invest in a new one because its springs are protruding through the mattress. My husband has promised to reward me with an upgraded leather version of this sofa bed when I pass my IELTS exam with flying colours.
Paragraph 1 Introduction Sentence 1 - Rewrite/ Paraphrase the ‘general statement’ Sentence 2 – Mention “main advantage” and “main disadvantage” Sentence 3 – Give your opinion
Question prompt: University students are increasingly studying abroad as part of their studies. Do the advantages of studying abroad outweigh the disadvantages?
Example: The number of tertiary students undertaking their studies overseas, as part of their degrees, is on the rise. Although students will often experience anxiety as a result of being separated from their loved ones, they will gain significant life experiences that will reward them at a posterior phase in their careers. In my opinion, students are far better off having studied in a different country despite the challenges that they will inevitably face.
Step 1 – Paraphrase the general statement in your first paragraph Step 2 – Write an overview: Pick out 3 or 4 of the main features and write about them generally, without any data Step 3 – Support the main features you included in your overview with detail. This should be a separate paragraph using accurate data from the graph Step 4 – Check your work. Make sure that you have no grammar or spelling mistakes, accurate data and a wide range of vocabulary.
Example of an answer: The graph shows oil production capacity for several Gulf countries between 1990 and 2010. The graph compares shifts in the oil production capacity in millions of barrels per day in six countries from 1990 to 2010. Overall, it is clear that oil production capacity increased in all countries over the period shown. However, the most dramatic rise was seen in Saudi Arabia, which rose more than any of the other countries. In 1990, Saudi Arabia produced well above 8 million barrels per day, and this rose significantly to a little above 12 million barrels per day in 2005 before soaring to just above 14 million barrels per day by the year 2010. In contrast, the lowest oil producing nation was Qatar at under 1 million barrels per day throughout the given years although there was a modest increase in 2000. Oil production capacity in Iran increased gradually from about 3 million barrels per day to well above 4 million barrels per day in 2010. Although the production of oil in UAE, Kuwait and Iraq tended to rise between 1990 and 2010, their production capacities reached under 4 million barrels per day by the year 2010. (181 words)
You should say: - What it is - What types of people visit there - What is the significance of this destination And specify what the main attractions of this destination are. (2 minutes)
Model Answer: I live in Australia and this country is considered to be ‘paradise on earth’ for tourists. Mesmerising natural sceneries, sacred aboriginal sights, coral reefs, red deserts, famous man-made architectures, staggering landscapes and spectacular wildlife make it an ideal place for tourists to soak up some sun and take a dip in the pristine waters. For the purpose of this task, I would like to speak about two of our most prevalent tourism attractions, which happen to exist side-by-side.
One of the most popular destinations is Daintree National Park. This is situated in Far North Queensland and was founded in the year 1981. It was also world heritage listed in 1988 and, to date, is one of the most visited tourist spots in Australia. In fact, it has one of the most ancient ecosystems worldwide, renowned for the exceptional biodiversity it offers. Another must see is the iconic Great Barrier Reef. The reef contains an abundance of marine life and comprises over 3000 individual reef systems and coral cays and literally 74 (seventy-four) picturesque tropical islands with some of the planet’s most beautiful golden beaches. Because of its natural beauty, the Great Barrier Reef has become one of the world’s most sought-after tourist destinations.
The unparalleled offerings of this amazing country comprise more than 18 thousand plant species and a vast array of unique animals. Australia will offer a once in a lifetime experience to prospective travellers: diverse ecosystems, an extensive number of native animals and plants, wonderful sunset experiences and second-to-none rainforests.